Monday, May 16, 2005

Ponniyin Selvan - An engaging lesson in history!

This is another post after a long break in my blog. But still this was a pretty quick entry to write up. The post which is really long pending is my review on “One hundred years of solitude”. Apart from the novel itself being very dense with a lot of symbolism, I also have to hunt through it for quotes whose location I have forgotten – felt I should have made a note of quotes as I did for “The Fountainhead”.

Coming to this post’s topic, it is the review of the Tamil historical epic novel – Kalki’s “Ponniyin Selvan” (Son of Ponni (Ponni is a river)). I had heard about this book for quite some time – it is arguably the most widely read Tamil novel and though written about 50 years back, it is still very actively read among the current generation of Tamil readers. It deals about the events during the succession of the Chola emperor Parantaka Chola II (Sundara Chola) around 970 AD. It is really an epic novel in characterization and the length – it runs to an amazing 5 volumes and nearly 2200 pages (in a size slightly bigger than normal English novels!).

Though the novel is too big to summarize here, I would attempt a very short summary to the story. During this time, Cholas are the dominant force in the south and their empire stretches from Kanyakumari to the banks of river Krishna and east cost to the Nilgiris. Aditha Karikalan is the crown prince (leading the northern forces at Kanchi) for over three years now, as the health of the emperor gets worse. However, due to some reasons a section of Chola generals plan to bring Madhuranthakar, the younger cousin of the emperor to throne. Vandiyathevan, heir to a now defunct royal family, brings a message from the crown prince for the princess Kundavai and comes to know of this plan and is sent by her to Srilanka to where Karikalan’s younger brother Arulmozhi Varman is leading an armed invasion of the country. On the way, he meets the bewitching Nandhini who is the wife of Chola chief general Periya Pazhuvettarayar (who is aligned with Madhuranthakar) and unknown to her husband is involved with a group of Pandya conspirators who are plotting to destroy the Chola family. The novel builds on the relations between these main characters and many more characters who come in later and finally ends with the succession being resolved in a rather unusual manner.

There are many areas in which I feel that the book is top notch. Below are the few of those.

  • Retaining the interest of the reader for this length is itself quite an achievement, for any novel of any genre and Kalki does this with ease. Though I could notice a bit of slowing down in parts 3 & 4, part 5 picks up with more interest than ever. And of course I never felt the story was being dragged (considering that this was first serialized in a Tamil magazine and noticing the current mega serials in T.V!).
  • Most of the major characters are real historical characters and many of the incidents are also real incidents. The amount of research that has gone into this is spectacular. Kalki brings alive the Chola world before more than 1000 years, reveals to us ancient Tamil culture and rule and all this without compromising much on historical truths! It seems he has only capitalized on the fuzzy areas of history to makes his own characters and incidents.
  • The amazing depth in characterization. All the characters in the novel are truly multi dimensional and in fact nobody is portrayed as a villain! Kalki shows the fallibility and the prowess of all characters, except perhaps Arulmozhi. Here too, he shows that it is Arulmozhi’s nature that he is very gentle and obedient to elders, so this also seems quite realistic. In fact the novel seems to have two equally important heroes, Arulmozhi and Vandhiyathevan. Though the story is named after Arulmozhi (whose other name is Ponniyin Selvan), the narration starts, ends and mostly proceeds through with Vandhiyathevan. There are varied kinds of romances in the story from the matured love between Kundavai and Vandhiyatevan to the mad love of Manimekalai to Vandhiyathevan. This is one of the best, if not the best novel I have read as far as characterization goes.
  • Kalki’s style of writing. In this story of betrayals, revenge, love and murder, Kalki succeeds in keeping a gentle undercurrent of humor mainly through the characters of Azhvarkhadiyan and Vandhiyathevan. He also turns the prose enjoyably poetic in quite a few places. And of course there are quite a few songs and poems, some of his own and some culled out from classic Tamil texts. Most touching among these were the song by Poonkuzhazhi (which appears quite a few times in the novel) –

Alaikadalthaan oyindhirukka

Agakadalthaan ponguvathen?....”

(When the sea of waves is silent, why is the sea of my heart turbulent?)

And the love song of Manimekalai.

Also he handles the narration almost continuously for over 6 months, which is quite difficult to do. He achieves this by focusing the story at some place and then goes back and forth a little in time. Though this doesn’t make the narration non-linear, the effect was quite different.

  • Kalki includes so much of historical information that this almost becomes like a historical text! Though the story is about the Chola dynasty which has been flourishing for about 100 years, Kalki takes pains to illustrate the history of earlier Cholas and also the history of some Chola general’s dynasties. He also deals quite a bit on the religion, culture and even food habits of the time! In particular he shows the Saiva – Vaishnava dichotomy in Hinduism very clearly. He also maintains the tone of the novel very objective. Whether it’s dispelling myths of Kollivaipisasu (a form of ghost) or discussing atheism and religious theism at one stretch, this is about the most liberal a historical novel can get!

No doubt the novel rekindles the interest in Tamil history, literature and culture among the people in the current generation and is hence a hot favorite even now. I have personally seen copies of this book getting sold out in a book exhibition when copies of most other novels were still available. In spite of all these, I feel the novel could have been better in some ways. These are not flaws, but I feel the novel could have been even better (though many may not agree with me). I feel the difference especially when comparing this with my other favorite historical novel, The Pillars of the Earth by Ken Follet. This novel tells about the English history from about 1123 to 1174 AD. I feel the following points are worth noting –

  • The novel seems to be almost obsessed with happenings in royal household. Most of the major characters are royal characters and even the few exceptions like Poonkuzhazhi and Senthan Amuthan are highlighted only when they interact with the royal family. This is of course not a flaw, but I feel that to reflect more on practical values one could have focused on some commoners. This is where I like the “The Pillars…” more, since it shows a few commoners as the main characters and through them illustrates a range of values. Though this novel also illustrates few values like good governance, true love, generosity I feel it lacks the full range of values as done in “The Pillars…”.
  • I personally like an epic novel to span a large time, like 50 years for “The Pillars”. I feel this shows the real nature of the characters as they age and take on more responsibilities and change. However this novel stretches only for about 8 months. Though Kalki tells some history about each character and ends with a note on the future of the main characters, this still doesn’t have the same effect.
  • (Spoilers here!) I can’t fully appreciate the climax of the novel, which is the sacrifice done by Arulmozhi – relinquishing the throne to (new) Madhurantakar. At least if he had relinquished it to old Madhurantakar it could be called a sacrifice, since old Madhurantakar wanted the throne badly. But in the climax, when every one wants him to be the emperor, Arulmozhi almost forces new Madhurantakar to be the emperor. This seems more of a shrewd move, of freeing himself for his long wanted expeditions, than a sacrifice to me! Of course, as I have learnt from some articles in Ponniyin Selvan e-group, history could be actually different here, as it is mentioned in some engraving that the Madhurantakar who was crowned as Utthama Chola “wanted” the throne.

To summarize, this is an excellent read for anyone who is even slightly interested in Tamil / Indian history. For a non-Tamil reader there is a complete English translation available here. It seems to be quite a faithful translation of the original.This novel is ideal to be made into a two part or three part movie. It seems the cost is deterring people who wanted to film it, but it's nevertheless a pity that this hasn't been made into a movie. Though there is a related movie by name Raja Raja Cholan, it deals with his life after coronation and it seems to be more of fiction than history.

[Note on history: For those who haven’t found this out already, the novel’s hero Arulmozhi is later crowned as Rajaraja Cholan. He and his son Rajendra Cholan expanded the Chola Empire far and wide by conducting successful expeditions to various places like Srilanka, Bengal, Myanmar, Malaya peninsula, Sumatra and came to be known as one of the greatest emperors in south Indian history. He also built the famous Thanjavur Big temple and later built a new capital for Cholas – Gangaikondacholapuram, consecrated with water from the Ganges. The Cholas flourished for nearly another 300 years, creating a Golden age for Tamil literature and culture, until they finally fell to the resurgent Pandyas by about 1279 AD]

160 comments:

Sunil said...

A very nice post. I was fascinated by Kalki's stories even as a child (when my parents/grandma told them to me). The link on Ponniyin Selvan's translations is especially appreciated.

I had just recently blogged on kalki myself on my blog
http://balancinglife.blogspot.com/2005/05/kalki-krishnamurthy-in-english.html

Ravages said...

i! A very good review - much better than mine.

A few points you raised needs to be addressed, and as a fanatic Chola admirer, and Kalki, I take it upon myself to do so.

You mentioned that the story deals entirely with the royal family, and felt that it ought to have concentrated more on the commoners too.
Valid point, if it was any other story. This epic has at its core Ponniyin Selvan's relinquishing of the throne - The basic plot is that Rajaraja Cholan gives up his throne on behalf of his uncle - it would be difficult to bring in commoners into such a plot. The same reason is why the story doesn't cover a longer period of time. 50 years would be too long a time to draw out, since the story covers just one incident, and a few sub-incidents.

Two - you mentioned that it would have been a greater sacrifice if Pselvan relinquished his throne to the old maduranthakan - That's Kalki's genius.

I am not sure if there were two Maduranthakans. Kalki I think created the two maduranthakan charatcers to give some motive for the historical character Amara Bujangan. There would have been(my own premise and based on very superficial research) only one Maduranthaka Devar - he is Senthan Amuthan, and he would have a rightful claim to the throne - hence Ponniyin Selvan's sacrifice. Kalki weaves in this one fact, creates a motive for Amara Bujangan to hate Raja Raja cholan, and creates the altogether unheard of character Nandini.

Chandru

nivas said...

Sunil,
Read your blog...can't comment much as I haven't Kalki's short stories. I have read very few short stories for that matter!

Ravages,
I agree with your point. Basically i wanted to say that a epic of such beauty and fame could have been based on common people's aspirations, but Rajarajan's sacrifice does require an epic to tell about it!
If Rajarajan had given up his thrown to Madhuranthakar who badly wanted it, then how come the succession later was so peaceful...like why didn't Madhuranthakar's children contest for the throne? I feel why exactly Rajaraja sacrificed the throne is still a mystery.

Arun said...

wonderful to see a review of PS... well this one will captivate even ppl who have already read the novel..

btb to intorduce myself, Iam Arun, a s/w engg at b'lore..

Impressed by PS, i have started writing a historical fiction in english myself (well...how does that sound :) ) ..
it is available online at

http://tcotp.blogspot.com

Would love to get any response for that :)

Anonymous said...

nice review ... abt the climax .. i too agree , it seems more like arulmozhi just wanted to do what he did ! ( which is good :) ) .
i do have my set of complaints against Kalki - the biggest one being that he did not give manimeghalai too much of importance( she happens to be my fav char. ) .. though i agree that he finished her off very nicely , making her more or less immortal !

Shankar

Humble said...

There are lot of articles (facts & fictions) regarding this novel available in ponniyin selvan yahoo groups. http://groups.yahoo.com/groups/ponniyinselvan
and the archive is also available at http://www.ponnihyinselvan.info

Buy Levitra said...

Great article! Thanks.

Phentermine said...

Thanks for interesting article.

Anonimous said...

Nice! Nice site! Good resources here. I will bookmark!

Maxwells said...

I see first time your site guys. I like you :)

Anonimous said...

Excellent website. Good work. Very useful. I will bookmark!

Sumeetha Manikandan said...

Very interesting review Nivas. As a hobby, I am also translating Ponniyin Selvan and posting it chapterwise here - http://ponniyinselvan-retold.blogspot.com

Please post your comments and feedback about the same.

PaydayLoans said...

7wAOzk You have a talant! Write more!

Auto insurance company said...

lIrMci Good job!

Hydrocodone said...

Z0G0sZ The best blog you have!

no interist loan said...

zkYprW Nice Article.

allstar golf junior tour said...

actually, that's brilliant. Thank you. I'm going to pass that on to a couple of people.

fioricet and 100 and buy said...

Please write anything else!

celebrex caps said...

Thanks to author.

qbe insurance ctp said...

Nice Article.

cialis and viagra purchase online said...

Good job!

make xanax said...

Good job!

getting through vicodin w said...

Nice Article.

buy vicodin without script said...

actually, that's brilliant. Thank you. I'm going to pass that on to a couple of people.

phentermine no rx said...

Good job!

JohnBraun said...

djdHZy write more, thanks.

concert stage sex said...

Please write anything else!

dragon sex story said...

Hello all!

anime sex nurse said...

actually, that's brilliant. Thank you. I'm going to pass that on to a couple of people.

lesbian oral sex said...

Nice Article.

free pink anal teen said...

Thanks to author.

sex and hardcore said...

Wonderful blog.

ellen barkin sex said...

Good job!

pakistani sex story said...

Please write anything else!

bathroom sex positions said...

Magnific!

critical sex toys said...

Please write anything else!

houston escort sex said...

Good job!

pretty plumpers sex said...

Thanks to author.

malaysian sex forum said...

Magnific!

nude guy sex said...

C++ should have been called B

different sex possitions said...

Suicidal twin kills sister by mistake!

free lesbian porn download said...

Change is inevitable, except from a vending machine.

boulder sex incall said...

Friends help you move. Real friends help you move bodies.

brazil sex teen said...

If ignorance is bliss, you must be orgasmic.

adults sex pictures said...

I'm not a complete idiot, some parts are missing!

inuyasha cross sex said...

Please write anything else!

ibuprofen ce said...

C++ should have been called B

cialis soft top said...

Energizer Bunny Arrested! Charged with battery.

cheap ultram said...

Nice Article.

inuyasha sex doujin said...

All generalizations are false, including this one.

bekka phone sex said...

Give me ambiguity or give me something else.

gilbertsville sex offenders said...

Oops. My brain just hit a bad sector.

arab sex porn said...

Ever notice how fast Windows runs? Neither did I.

all natural sex said...

I'm not a complete idiot, some parts are missing!

sex and lucy said...

Friends help you move. Real friends help you move bodies

daring sex positions said...

What is a free gift ? Aren't all gifts free?

omarion sex ass said...

Oops. My brain just hit a bad sector.

clopidogrel e vitamin said...

Ever notice how fast Windows runs? Neither did I.

name said...

Suicidal twin kills sister by mistake!

email porn service said...

Give me ambiguity or give me something else.

psp xxx porn said...

Lottery: A tax on people who are bad at math.

alsome free porn pictures said...

Please write anything else!

letha weapons sex said...

640K ought to be enough for anybody. - Bill Gates 81

asian young sex said...

Please write anything else!

free xxx wife group sex porn storie said...

The gene pool could use a little chlorine.

chuck conner porn said...

When there's a will, I want to be in it.

hidden camera in glasses porn said...

C++ should have been called B

anal pain only best porn said...

If ignorance is bliss, you must be orgasmic.

fun sex moves said...

I don't suffer from insanity. I enjoy every minute of it.

porn seycheles said...

What is a free gift ? Aren't all gifts free?

hardcore tranny sex said...

Energizer Bunny Arrested! Charged with battery.

ibuprofen wit said...

Oops. My brain just hit a bad sector.

change journal sex said...

I don't suffer from insanity. I enjoy every minute of it.

phone sex chatline said...

Ever notice how fast Windows runs? Neither did I.

cam private sex said...

What is a free gift ? Aren't all gifts free?

cartoon sex cartoon said...

Give me ambiguity or give me something else.

freaky sex postions said...

I'm not a complete idiot, some parts are missing!

hot teen porn said...

Energizer Bunny Arrested! Charged with battery.

interactive sex games said...

Friends help you move. Real friends help you move bodies.

wicked girls porn said...

Give me ambiguity or give me something else.

jewish sex free said...

Build a watch in 179 easy steps - by C. Forsberg.

position for sex said...

Suicidal twin kills sister by mistake!

bbw porn free said...

actually, that's brilliant. Thank you. I'm going to pass that on to a couple of people.

teendie loita sex said...

Suicidal twin kills sister by mistake!

brad stone porn said...

actually, that's brilliant. Thank you. I'm going to pass that on to a couple of people.

18 babysitter sex said...

All generalizations are false, including this one.

perverse sex sites said...

The gene pool could use a little chlorine.

buy phentermine no perscritpion said...

When there's a will, I want to be in it.

cheap phentermine buy phentermine phentermine b said...

Oops. My brain just hit a bad sector.

buy phentermine online from usa pharmacy said...

C++ should have been called B

Anonymous said...

free transexual pic sites
Free Tranny Sex Click Here

boyd bed said...

black mold exposureblack mold symptoms of exposurewrought iron garden gatesiron garden gates find them herefine thin hair hairstylessearch hair styles for fine thin hairnight vision binocularsbuy night vision binocularslipitor reactionslipitor allergic reactionsluxury beach resort in the philippines

afordable beach resorts in the philippineshomeopathy for eczema.baby eczema.save big with great mineral makeup bargainsmineral makeup wholesalersprodam iphone Apple prodam iphone prahacect iphone manualmanual for P 168 iphonefero 52 binocularsnight vision Fero 52 binocularsThe best night vision binoculars here

night vision binoculars bargainsfree photo albums computer programsfree software to make photo albumsfree tax formsprintable tax forms for free craftmatic air bedcraftmatic air bed adjustable info hereboyd air bedboyd night air bed lowest pricefind air beds in wisconsinbest air beds in wisconsincloud air beds

best cloud inflatable air bedssealy air beds portableportables air bedsrv luggage racksaluminum made rv luggage racksair bed raisedbest form raised air bedsaircraft support equipmentsbest support equipments for aircraftsbed air informercialsbest informercials bed airmattress sized air beds

bestair bed mattress antique doorknobsantique doorknob identification tipsdvd player troubleshootingtroubleshooting with the dvd playerflat panel television lcd vs plasmaflat panel lcd television versus plasma pic the bestThe causes of economic recessionwhat are the causes of economic recessionadjustable bed air foam The best bed air foam

hoof prints antique equestrian printsantique hoof prints equestrian printsBuy air bedadjustablebuy the best adjustable air bedsair beds canadian storesCanadian stores for air beds

migraine causemigraine treatments floridaflorida headache clinicdrying dessicantair drying dessicantdessicant air dryerpediatric asthmaasthma specialistasthma children specialistcarpet cleaning dallas txcarpet cleaners dallascarpet cleaning dallas

vero beach vacationvero beach vacationsbeach vacation homes veroms beach vacationsms beach vacationms beach condosmaui beach vacationmaui beach vacationsmaui beach clubbeach vacationsyour beach vacationscheap beach vacations

bob hairstylebob haircutsbob layeredpob hairstylebobbedclassic bobCare for Curly HairTips for Curly Haircurly hair12r 22.5 best pricetires truck bustires 12r 22.5

washington new housenew house houstonnew house san antonionew house venturanew houston house houston house txstains removal dyestains removal clothesstains removalteeth whiteningteeth whiteningbright teeth

Anonymous said...

Hi all
I'm Mary, 22 years old :)
I am looking for good man. If he exists...
I'm love sport and... Hope you understand

[img]http://loveepicentre.com/uploades/photos/30375.jpg[/img]

www.blogger.com is very interesting forum for me, so I think we have the same hobbies
So lets chat...
My e-mail is marypopovaks@gmail.com, Skype *
Send me your foto!

__
Added later:

This photography is corrupted, sorry!

Oh, and all my photos here:
http://loveepicentre.com/user/Popova

Anonymous said...

buy viagra buy viagra professional online - generic viagra us pharmacy

Anonymous said...

buy viagra online generic viagra rite aid - generic viagra best

Anonymous said...

discount viagra does viagra work drunk - buy-generic viagra reviews

Anonymous said...

[url=http://loveepicentre.com/advice.php][img]http://loveepicentre.com/uploades/photos/4.jpg[/img][/url]
men dating tips [url=http://loveepicentre.com]who is edward norton dating[/url] romanian woman dating
mark wilton dating [url=http://loveepicentre.com/map.php]ok to call guy dating[/url] who is michael strahan dating
100 free adult lesbian online dating [url=http://loveepicentre.com/testimonials.php]top rated online adult dating sites[/url] klingon dating

Anonymous said...

buy soma soma online sale - buy soma in us with

Anonymous said...

soma pills buy real soma online - online soma cod

Anonymous said...

[url=http://loveepicentre.com/articles.php][img]http://loveepicentre.com/uploades/photos/2.jpg[/img][/url]
xxx pissing dating indianapois [url=http://loveepicentre.com/]lesbian online dating rules[/url] dating sites atlanta georgia
lonley wives dating club [url=http://loveepicentre.com/taketour.php]yashica camera dating[/url] josh harrellson dating
no replys from online dating [url=http://loveepicentre.com/faq.php]dating leo male[/url] christian single dating columbus ohio

Anonymous said...

buy soma soma muscle relaxer usa - soma san diego hotels

Anonymous said...

order soma kohls soma bras - buy soma drug

Anonymous said...

buy soma buy soma online with mastercard - soma drug real

Anonymous said...

buy soma online buy soma online ship florida - soma health club

Anonymous said...

buy soma online soma 10mg - discount soma online

Anonymous said...

buy soma soma 650b frame - soma online no prescription-overnight delivery

Anonymous said...

soma medication do they test soma drug test - soma horas minutos online

Anonymous said...

soma drug soma 350 mg muscle relaxer - soma energetics

Anonymous said...

order soma soma embraceable bra - muscle relaxer like soma

Anonymous said...

soma drug soma drug usa - soma medication online

Anonymous said...

cialis online buy cheap generic cialis u. k - generic cialis fast shipping

Anonymous said...

order cialis online buy cialis 20 - best buy cialis online

Anonymous said...

cheap generic cialis buy online cialis 20mg - cialis 2.5 reviews

Anonymous said...

Hi, zyban medication - buy zyban http://www.wellbutrinonlinesale.net/#buy-zyban , [url=http://www.wellbutrinonlinesale.net/#cheap-zyban ]cheap zyban [/url]

Anonymous said...

Hi, zyban no prescription - zyban without prescription http://www.wellbutrinonlinesale.net/#zyban-without-prescription , [url=http://www.wellbutrinonlinesale.net/#zyban-bupropion ]zyban bupropion [/url]

Anonymous said...

Drug Resistant Urinary Infections cost of ciprofloxacin - cipro sale http://www.cheapcipromed.net/#cipro-sale , ciprofloxacin without rx

Anonymous said...

Drugs Competitor To Symlin Drug cheap ciprofloxacin - cipro drug http://www.cheapcipromed.net/#cipro-drug , buy ciprofloxacin no prescription

Anonymous said...

Drug Teating Stundent Athletes finasteride online no prescription - finasteride without rx http://www.propeciahowtosave.net/#finasteride-without-rx , propecia 5mg

Anonymous said...

How To Hide Pills propecia online - cheap finasteride http://www.propeciahowtosave.net/#cheap-finasteride , [url=http://www.propeciahowtosave.net/#generic-finasteride ]generic finasteride [/url]

Anonymous said...

buy tramadol online tramadol zolpidem interaction - tramadol klonopin

Anonymous said...

Drug Discovery Companies cheap cipro - order cipro online no prescription http://www.cheapcipromed.net/#order-cipro-online-no-prescription , [url=http://www.cheapcipromed.net/#cipro-online-pharmacy ]cipro online pharmacy [/url]

Anonymous said...

Drug Hash generic finasteride no prescription - buy cheap propecia http://www.propeciahowtosave.net/#buy-cheap-propecia , http://www.propeciahowtosave.net/#buy-finasteride-5mg - buy finasteride 5mg

Anonymous said...

Medical Drugs For Deep Sleep cipro antibiotic - ciprofloxacin 500mg http://www.cheapcipromed.net/#ciprofloxacin-500mg , [url=http://www.cheapcipromed.net/#cipro-price ]cipro price [/url]

Anonymous said...

Medication Flucaine finasteride without prescription - buy propecia online no prescription http://www.propeciahowtosave.net/#buy-propecia-online-no-prescription , http://www.propeciahowtosave.net/#generic-propecia-online - generic propecia online

Anonymous said...

buy tramadol overnight shipping tramadol 50mg for dogs and humans - tramadol hcl ultram 50 mg

Anonymous said...

r, buy generic accutane online - order accutane http://www.isotretinoinprices.net/#order-accutane , accutane sale

Anonymous said...

buy tramadol in florida illegal order tramadol online - tramadol dosage feline

Anonymous said...

buy tramadol hcl what is ultram tramadol used for - order tramadol cod nc

Anonymous said...

buy cialis online cialis side effects - can you buy cialis online

Anonymous said...

free pdf ebook on vb 6.0 http://audiobooksworld.co.uk/Chris-Fox-Voc/m19824/ iprofit ebook package [url=http://audiobooksworld.co.uk/fr/Overcoming-Depression-A-Cognitive-Therapy-Approach-Workbook/p220277/]gargoyle ebook[/url] elinor m brent-dyer ebook

Anonymous said...

xanax online buy xanax online for cheap - xanax for anxiety withdrawal

Anonymous said...

buy xanax online how to pass a drug test with xanax - xanax bars effects high

Anonymous said...

buy carisoprodol carisoprodol soma 350mg - carisoprodol soma narcotic

Anonymous said...

buy tramadol tramadol addiction support - tramadol for dogs usa

Anonymous said...

carisoprodol 350 mg carisoprodol addiction - soma carisoprodol tablets 250 mg side effects

Anonymous said...

buy carisoprodol carisoprodol 350 mg withdrawal - buy soma carisoprodol online

Anonymous said...

buy tramadol tramadol dosage forms - day 2 tramadol withdrawal

Anonymous said...

cialis online buy cialis vegas - cialis online senza ricetta

Anonymous said...

buy cialis online cialis 20 mg - buy cheap cialis today

Anonymous said...

buy cialis online generic cialis mastercard - buy cialis online pharmacy

Anonymous said...

xanax online xanax side effects on pregnancy - xanax side effects permanent

Anonymous said...

cheap alprazolam xanax bars oxycontin - xanax dosage available

Anonymous said...

xanax online 2mg xanax high - order xanax fast shipping

Anonymous said...

get cheap renova no prescription
- [url=http://buycheaprenova.webs.com/]where to buy cheap renova no prescription
[/url] - renova hawaii


get cheap renova online


renova magyarorszag
benefits of renova pores
Cheap drug renova ultram zyrtec
renova spa mazatland
renova effectiveness


http://buycheaprenova.webs.com/

Anonymous said...

20000 :) Cheap Azithromycin - zithromax chlamydia http://www.zithromaxhowtobuy.net/#buy-azithromycin, [url=http://www.zithromaxhowtobuy.net/#buy-azithromycin]Cheap Azithromycin[/url]

Anonymous said...

buy tramadol online no prescription tramadol uses - tramadol for dogs no rx

Anonymous said...

klonopin online no prescription overnight klonopin for seizures - klonopin rebound anxiety

Anonymous said...

aaa!!! Buy Topamax - buy topamax no prescription http://www.topamaxbestonline.net/#topamax-online, [url=http://www.topamaxbestonline.net/#topamax-online]Order Topamax[/url]

Anonymous said...

03 generic lorazepam - ativan medication for anxiety http://www.ativanonlinenorx.net/#ativan-cost, [url=http://www.ativanonlinenorx.net/#generic-lorazepam]ativan cost[/url]

Anonymous said...

4, propecia sale - propecia online no prescription http://www.propeciasaleonline.net/#propecia-cost, [url=http://www.propeciasaleonline.net/#finasteride-online]propecia cost[/url]

Anonymous said...

buy tramadol tramadol hydrochloride 50mg capsules side effects - buy tramadol online cod only

Anonymous said...

all, vardenafil 20mg - levitra for sale online http://www.recoverinchrist.org/#levitra-for-sale-online , [url=http://www.recoverinchrist.org/#levitra-cost ]levitra cost [/url]

Anonymous said...

buy tramadol online no prescription cod buy tramadol usa - ordertramadolonline.org

Anonymous said...

buy klonopin online 2mg klonopin high dose - klonopin long term

Anonymous said...

buy klonopin online generic klonopin teva - klonopin dosage and frequency

Anonymous said...

carisoprodol no prescription carisoprodol buy online no prescription - carisoprodol drug abuse

Anonymous said...

carisoprodol 350 mg carisoprodol side effects alcohol - carisoprodol soma wiki

Anonymous said...

carisoprodol 350 mg carisoprodol dosage - abuse combinations carisoprodol tramadol

Anonymous said...

buy xanax does xanax show up home drug test - xanax gg 256 side effects

Anonymous said...

Yоur post features рroven neceѕsaгy tо
me. Іt’ѕ very uѕеful and yоu're simply clearly extremely experienced in this area. You have got opened up my personal face to be able to numerous thoughts about this kind of subject using intriguing, notable and sound written content.

Feel free to visit my site :: Xenical
My web-site Xenical